According to scientists, understanding how stars form could help us discover whether aliens exist.
Stars can have a new study, according to a new study. ‘siblings’, and they are not always formed the same way that it was believed.
This could be a breakthrough in understanding how planets and stars form, and whether they are habitable.
A team of US Astronomers discovered a new Star among a normal-looking Cloud, but later found it. ‘sibling’It can be tucked behind it.
The cloud appeared normal to them when they first looked at it.
With a closer look, they found the sibling star’s magnetic field was twisted.
Sign upGet our free Indy100 weekly Newsletter
They believed they had formed far apart, but were pulled closer together to create a “binary”.
The star moved closer to its sibling, which shifted the cloud’s dynamics and twisted the magnetic field.
Dr. Erin Cox, Northwestern University in Illinois’s lead study author, said: “It’s the star’s sibling, basically.
“We think these stars formed far apart, and one moved closer to the other to form a binary.
“When the star travelled closer to its sibling, it shifted the dynamics of the cloud to twist its magnetic field.
“As dense clouds of gas and dust collapse to form stars, they launch outflows of stellar material at hypersonic speeds.
“A magnetic field surrounding a star-forming cloud is typically parallel to these outflows.
“When we observed the large-scale L483 cloud, we discovered just that.
“The magnetic field matched this typical profile.”
NASA observatory team looked closer and discovered that the magnetic fields were not parallel.
Dr. Cox thinks the sibling star could be responsible for the magnetic field being twisted.
Binary systems are formed when two stars are about as far away from each other than Pluto is from our sun.
According to physicists, these binaries can form when star-forming clouds grow large enough to form two star-forming stars or when the disc spinning around a young Star partially collapses to form a second star.
The research team believes that something extraordinary was occurring when two stars moved closer together.
Dr. Cox also added: “There is newer work that suggests it’s possible to have two stars form faraway from each other, and then one star moves in closer to form a binary.
“We think that’s what is happening here.
“We don’t know why one star would move toward another one, but we think the moving star shifted the dynamics of the system to twist the magnetic field.
“Learning how binary stars form is exciting because planet and star formation take place at the same time, and binary stars dynamically interact with each other.
“Most people are familiar with the iconic scene from “Star Wars,”Luke Skywalker looks up at the binary star system that orbits Tatooine in which he wistfully gazes.
“This new work ultimately could provide new insights into how binary stars and the planets that orbit them form.
“Planets orbiting binary stars potentially could be habitable worlds.
“In our census of exoplanets, we know planets exist around these double stars, but we don’t know much about how these planets differ from the ones that live around isolated stars.
“With new instruments coming online to discover and probe new binary systems, we will be able to test these results with a statistical sample.”
The Astrophysical Journal published these findings.
Gwyn Wright reports on SWNS
Get involved in our news democracy. To help this article rise through the indy100 rankings, click the upvote button at the top of your page.